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The 19th Uddevalla Symposium on: Geography, Open Innovation, Diversity and Entrepreneurship” took place at Birkbeck, University of London, London, United Kingdom, during 30th June – 2nd July, 2016. The objectives of the symposium was to provide a unique opportunity for scholars including senior and junior researchers to discuss path-breaking concepts, ideas, frameworks and theories in plenary key-note sessions and in parallel competitive paper sessions. 

More than 140 researchers from 22 different nations representing different scientific fields such as innovation, regional science, public policy, entrepreneurship, business administration, economic geography, economics, informatics, welfare work, learning, and regional planning, took part. Except for 9 keynote presentations and 2 plenary seminars, 112 papers in 29 parallel paper seminars, were presented and discussed. Each parallel paper seminar had 40 minutes allocated with a discussant for every paper.

The formal opening took place on Thursday June 30th by the Master of Birkbeck, Professor David S. Latchman.  Plenary Session Chairs were Professor Helen Lawton Smith, Birkbeck University of London, UK (Thursday June 30), Professor Charlie Karlsson, University West & Jönköping International Business School, Sweden (Friday July 1st) and Professor Kingsley E. Haynes, George Mason University, USA (Saturday July 2nd).

Keynote speakers

The following nine  keynote speakers presented their research in plenary sessions on the different perspectives of the overall theme:

Prof. Philippe Aghion,
 College de France,  France: “Entrepreneurship, Inequality Innovation and Social Mobility”

Assoc. Prof. Jennifer Clark, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA: “Smart Cities and Social Entrepreneurship: Remaking Markets and Manufacturing Open Innovation Spaces”.

Prof. Gary Cook, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom: “Cities and International Entrepreneurship: Towards an Integration of International Business, Economic Geography and Urban Economics Perspectives”

Prof. Robert N. Cressy, Birmingham Business School, United Kingdom: “Startup Debt Rationing and Survival: Is there a Regional Dimension?”

Prof. Henry Etzkowitz, Stanford University, USA and Visiting Professor at School of Management, Birkbeck, University of London, United Kingdom: “University Rankings for what?”

Prof. Colette Henry, Dundalk Institute of Technology, Ireland“Women as Entrepreneurs and Innovators in the Sciences: Challenges and Opportunities”.

Prof. Richard Kneller, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom: “Does Foreign Acquisition of R&D-active Firms Enhance or Damage the Science Base of a Country?”.

Prof. Andrés Rodriguez-Pose, London School of Economics, United Kingdom: “Innovating in Peripheries: Comparing North America and Europe”.

Prof. Wim Vanhaverbeke, Hasselt University, Belgium: “Open Innovation in SMEs”.

Regional Seminar

Except for these keynote speaker presentations, there was on Friday morning organized a plenary Regional Development seminar on: “The Knowledge Economy and the Dynamics of City Growth". It was chaired by Dr. Federica Rossi.In the panel the Profs. Jennifer Clark, Ian Gordon, Tom Kemeny & Ali Hashemparticipated. Jonathan Potter, OECD was discussant and it was organized by Dr. Federica Rossi & Dr. Fred GuyDepartment of Management, Birkbeck University of London, UK.

Young Career Session seminar

Furthermore, a young career session seminar was organized parallel to the regional seminar on Friday morning on: “Publishing in Academic Journals”.

Sub-themes and Chairs

A Call for Papers was sent out to invite scholars to write contributions organized in different sub-themes and chaired as follows:

  1. Geography, Open Innovation, Diversity and Entrepreneurship
    Or to one of the following special sessions:
  2. Knowledge Spillover of Entrepreneurship and Open Innovation
    Chairs: Prof. David B. Audretsch, Indiana University, USA & Dr. Maksim Belitski, University of Reading, UK.
  3. Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: Theory, Empirics, and Policy
    Chairs: Ben Spigel, Chancellor’s Fellow, University of Edinburgh Business School, UK, & Fumi Kitagawa, Lecturer, University of Edinburgh Business School, UK.
  4. Active Citizens: Democracy, Higher Education, and Entrepreneurship
    Chairs: Dr. Fredrik Sjögren & Assoc. Prof. Fredrik Sunnemark, School of Business, Economics & IT, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden
  5. Innovations and Challenges in the Digital Society (LINA)
    Chairs: Thomas Winman, LINA, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, University West & Assoc. Prof. Per Assmo, School of Business, Economics & IT, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
  6. The Influence of Labor Market Characteristics on Returns to Schooling and Career Outcomes
    Chairs: Prof. Johan Klaesson, CEnSE (Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics), Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University & Prof. Martin Andersson, CIRCLE (Center for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy), Lund University, Sweden.
  7. Foreign Investment, Multinationals, Innovation and Local Economic Development
    Chairs: Assoc. Prof. Riccardo Crescenzi & Simona Iammarino, London School of Economics, UK.
  8. Knowledge, Firms and Locations in the Era of Global Networks
    Chairs: Dr. Alessandra Perri, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Dr. Vittoria G. Scalera. Politecnico di Milano School of Management, Italy & Prof. Simona Iammarino, London School of Economics, UK.
  9. Innovation and Trade
    Chairs: Prof. Börje Johansson & PhD. Cand. Tina Wallin, Center of Excellence for Science and Innovations Studies (CESIS), Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden.
  10. Governance and Entrepreneurship
    Chair: Dr. Johanna Palmberg & Dr. Ali Mohammadi, Center of Excellence for Science and Innovations Studies (CESIS), Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
  11. Creation of New Industries in Old Clusters
    Chairs: Prof. Tomomichi Yoshikawa, Waseda Business School, Waseda University, Tokyo & Prof. Hironari UKAI, Department of Management, and Director of Centre for Community Collaboration, Aichi Gakuin University, Nagoya, Japan.
  12. Gender Equality: Explaining Patterns of Entrepreneurship and Innovation (TRIGGER)
    Chairs: Prof. Colette Henry, Dundalk Institute of Technology, Ireland & Prof. Helen Lawton Smith, Birkbeck, University of London, UK.
  13. Technology Transfer and Open Innovation
    Chairs: Dr. Federica Rossi & Dr. Fred Guy, Department of Management, Birkbeck University of London,  London, UK.

Three Best Paper Awards

The Scientific Committee proudly presented the Best Paper Award Winners 2016: 

The winners of the Best Paper Award wereProfessor Ashish Arora, Fuqua School of Business, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA & National Bureau of Economic Research, Boston, MA, USA, Professor Suma Athreye, Brunel Business School, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK & Dr. Can Huang, Institute for Intellectual Property Management, School of Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. The title of their paper was: ”The Paradox of Openness Revisited: Collaborative Innovation and Patenting by UK Innovators”.

A creative and novel analysis of a two conflicting hypotheses concerning firm innovation behavior – The prevention of knowledge spillovers versus the need of open innovation.  The authors show that this tradeoff is resolved differently by different types of firms.  Leading firms are more vulnerable to unintended knowledge spillovers and consequently try to protect that knowledge by means of patenting. Followers that do more incremented innovation benefit less from patenting are less induced to patent. The research in this paper is a distinct contribution not only to our understanding of innovation but also to our understanding of innovation but also to our understanding of firm strategic innovation behavior.

The winner of the Best PhD Candidate Paper Award 19th Uddevalla Symposium 2016
was: PhD Candidate Tina Wallin, Centre for Entrepreneurship and spatial Economics (CEnSE), Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University, Sweden. The title of her paper was:”Labour Knowledge Complementarity and Exporter Innovativeness”.

The paper:”Labour Knowledge Complementarity and Exporter Innovativeness” has an innovative approach with a sound methodology. The results add a promising contribution to our understanding of the complementarity of internal and external knowledge in supporting innovativeness.

The Municipality of Uddevalla, Sweden and the University West, Sweden were funding the Best Paper and Best PhD Candidate Awards.

The Winners of the IHE Best Paper Award
This year there was an additional Best Paper Award as Industry and Higher Education, now published by SAGE Publishing from the journal’s June 2016 issue, sponsored a best paper award at the 19th Uddevalla Symposium 2016.

Winners of the IHE-Best paper Award were PhD Candidate Aziza Al Ghafri, Dr. Gulzat Zhetibaeva Elvung and Terrence Brown, Department of Industrial Economics and Management, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden. The title of their contribution was: “Women Immigrant Entrepreneurs in Sweden: do age and date of arrival matter?” 


This paper is highly original and important because it addresses an issue of great concern and interest to society in a way that is both novel abut also fundamentally rigorous. The analyses methods that are used enable the authors to reach conclusions that are not just novel but open a new line of research.

The winners of the IHE-Best paper award will receive £100 worth of SAGE books vouchers.

Scientific Committee 

Prof. Martin Andersson, CIRCLE, Lund University, Sweden.
Assoc. Prof. Per Assmo, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
Prof. David Audretsch, University of Indiana, Institute for Development Strategies, USA.
Dr. Iréne Bernhard, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
Prof. Paul Cheshire, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK.
Prof. Andreas Cornett, University of Southern Denmark, Sønderborg, Denmark.
Prof. Maryann Feldman, University of North Carolina, USA.
Prof. Börje Johansson, Jönköping International Business School, Sweden.
Prof. Charlie Karlsson, Chair, Jönköping International Business School & University West, Sweden. 
Assoc. Prof. Johan Klaesson, CEnSE, Jönköping International Business School, Sweden. 
Prof. Helen Lawton Smith, Birkbeck, University of London, UK.
Prof. Hans Lööf, CESIS, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
Prof. Mark Partridge, AED Economics, Ohio State University, USA.
Prof. Roger R. Stough, George Mason University, USA.
Prof. Lars Svensson, LINA, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
Prof. Håkan Ylinenpää, CiiR, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.

Organisation Committee

Ms Clara Barreto, Assistant Symposium coordinator, University West, Sweden
Dr. Iréne Bernhard, Symposium Coordinator, University West, Sweden
Dr. Rolf Dahlberg, University West, Sweden 
Ms Rachel Dowle, MPhil/PhD Administrator, Birkbeck, University of London, UK.
Dr. Urban Gråsjö, University West, Sweden 
Prof. Helen Lawton Smith, Birkbeck, University of London, UK
Prof. Charlie Karlsson, Chair, Jönköping International Business School & University West, Sweden

Co-financers and sponsors

Birkbeck, University of London, UK
Center for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE)
, Jönköping International Business School, Sweden
Center of Excellence for Science and Innovations Studies (CESIS)
, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm & Jönköping International Business School, Sweden
Edward Elgar, Publishing, 
ERSA – European Regional Science Association, Belgium
John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 
LINA - Learning for Working Life -, University West, 
Municipality of Uddevalla
, Sweden
Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, UK
TRIGGER - Transforming Institutions by Gendering Contents and Gaining Equality in Research- A FP7 funded European project, Birkbeck, University of London
University West, Trollhättan, Sweden


A hard-back proceeding of the revised papers presented at the symposium has been published by the University West (ed.Iréne Bernhard). For more information about publications from this Uddevalla Symposium as well as from all Uddevalla Symposia (so far) please click here 
Dr. Irene Bernhard, co-ordinator & member of the Scientific and Organizing Committee

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